By Carl A. Hanson
"Economy and Society in Baroque Portugal, 1668 1703 " was once first released in 1981. Minnesota Archive variations makes use of electronic expertise to make long-unavailable books once more obtainable, and are released unaltered from the unique college of Minnesota Press editions.The overdue 17th century in Portugal was once a interval of obvious calm, and few historians have given it a lot realization. Portugal's Golden Age of globally enlargement had made sixteenth-century Lisbon a superb advertisement middle, yet different eu countries with extra complicated economies handed Portugal's fulfillment, and through the 17th century agricultural, financial, and political difficulties all contributed to Portugal's decline. In 1668, on the end of a protracted battle with Spain to revive Portuguese sovereignty, Pedro II begun a reign of 38 years, first as regent for a feckless brother advert after 1683 as king. The background of Portugal in the course of his reign is the topic of this book.Carl A. Hanson appears at this rather unexamined period and unearths, in the back of the facade of baroque calm, sophisticated yet dramatic shifts within the socio-economic foundations of the age. with a purpose to do something about financial melancholy Pedro's govt hearkened to enthusiastic stories of Colbert's mercantile regulations in France, and attempted to inspire the growth of household production. associated with those efforts have been makes an attempt to cut back the inquisitorial persecution of recent Christian retailers. Hanson explores the explanations of anti-Semitism, greed and sophistication struggle that underlay the persecution and describes the efforts of an eloquent Jesuit, Father Antonio Vieira, to guard the recent Christians from the worst excesses of the Inquisition.The triumph of the Inquisition, and hence of the validated social order, and the failure of Portugal's scan in mercantilism coincided with a brand new wave of commodity-borne prosperity. After 1690, elevated exports of Brazilian gold, tobacco, hides, and sugar, and of Port wine replaced Portugal's monetary prestige. With the signing of the Anglo- Portuguese treaty of Methuen in 1703, Portugal entered a gilded if no longer golden age. but, as Hanson makes transparent, the recent prosperity was once misleading, for Portugal used to be to slide into more and more based relationships with the extra complex economies specifically England's which absorbed nice amounts of Luso-Atlantic commodities in alternate for its personal manufactures. And, at domestic, the positive social order, now not threatened by means of a mercantile type, was once to discover safeguard less than an more and more absolutist govt. The reign of Pedro II is critical, then, as a interval of transition while, for the 1st time, the rules of the outdated order have been threatened. The baroque facade survived however the edifice itself had all started to crumble."