Download E-books The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined PDF

By Steven Pinker

A provocative heritage of violence—from the New York Times bestselling writer of The Stuff of Thought and The clean Slate

Believe it or now not, this day we should be residing within the so much peaceable second in our species' life. In his gripping and debatable new paintings, New York Times bestselling writer Steven Pinker indicates that regardless of the ceaseless information approximately warfare, crime, and terrorism, violence has truly been in decline over lengthy stretches of historical past. Exploding myths approximately humankind's inherent violence and the curse of modernity, this bold publication maintains Pinker's exploration of the essence of human nature, blending psychology and background to supply a amazing photo of an more and more enlightened world.

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Download E-books Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe PDF

By Richard W. Kaeuper

This unique and authoritative textual content finds how chivalry used to be a part of the matter of violence in medieval Europe, now not in basic terms its resolution. definitely the right used to be to internalize restraint in knights, yet an in depth interpreting of chivalric literature exhibits chivalry additionally praised heroic violence by way of knights. This attention-grabbing ebook lays naked the conflicts and paradoxes surrounding the concept that of chivalry in medieval Europe.

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Download E-books Ending Violence Against Women: From Words to Action: Study of the Secretary General PDF

Violence opposed to girls factors untold distress, slicing brief lives and leaving numerous girls residing in discomfort and worry in each state on the earth. This learn demands efforts to remove violence opposed to girls to turn into the next precedence on the neighborhood, nationwide and overseas point. The research identifies how you can shut the distance among States' duties below foreign norms, criteria and rules and their insufficient and inconsistent implementation on the nationwide point.

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Download E-books Gangs in the Caribbean PDF

By Randy Seepersad

The current quantity represents the 1st released e-book on gangs within the Caribbean. The examine of felony gangs is either well timed and of the maximum value to coverage and protection within the zone. in lots of international locations around the Caribbean, legal gangs are expanding in quantity and prominence, and legitimate crime info point out that they're liable for an expanding percentage of violent crimes. The Caribbean sector skilled a dramatic elevate in homicide premiums from 14.3 murders in keeping with 100,000 population in 2000 to 28.1 murders in step with 100,000 population in 2010. In the various international locations with relatively excessive homicide premiums, corresponding to Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, the percentage of gang-related murders has reached alarming degrees. when it comes to Trinidad and Tobago, for instance, for the interval 2001 to 2012, 29.5 in step with cent of all murders which happened have been categorised as gang-related, with absolutely 38 in keeping with cent being so labeled in 2012. The Caribbean represents a various sector with very diverse cultures and defense matters. overseas reviews and examine on gangs won't generalize to the zone, nor could international coverage be fullyyt suitable. the current quantity represents an try to come to phrases with the phenomenon of gangs within the Caribbean, and offers a wealth of empirical information, in addition to an research of the various concerns from a few disciplinary views. a lot of what's at present recognized approximately gangs within the Caribbean is introduced jointly during this quantity, with the first goals of knowing the various concerns and studying appropriate options for facing the proliferation of legal gangs.

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Download E-books Criminal Justice in International Society (Routledge Advances in Criminology) PDF

This e-book adopts a severe criminological method of examine the construction, illustration and position of crime within the rising overseas order. It analyzes the function of energy and its impact at the dynamics of criminalization at a world point, facilitating an exam of the geopolitics of overseas legal justice. Such an method of crime is well-developed in family criminology; even though, this severe technique is but for use to discover the connection among energy, crime and justice in a global environment. This booklet brings jointly contrasting evaluations on how courts, prosecutors, judges, NGOs, and different our bodies act to reflexively produce the social fact of foreign justice. In doing this, it bridges the gaps among the fields of sociology, criminology, diplomacy, political technological know-how, and foreign legislations to discover the issues and customers of foreign felony justice and illustrate the function of crime and criminalization in a fancy, evolving, and contested foreign society.

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Download E-books Chicano Rap: Gender and Violence in the Postindustrial Barrio PDF

By Pancho McFarland

Powered via a using beat, smart lyrics, and assertive attitudes, rap song and hip hop tradition have engrossed American early life because the mid-1980s. even though the 1st rappers have been African american citizens, rap and hip hop tradition speedy unfold to different ethnic teams who've additional their very own cultural components to the tune. Chicano Rap bargains the 1st in-depth examine how Chicano/a early life have followed and tailored rap tune and hip hop tradition to precise their perspectives on gender and violence, in addition to on how Chicano/a early life healthy right into a globalizing world.

Pancho McFarland examines over songs and seventy rap artists from the entire significant Chicano rap regions—San Diego, San Francisco and northerly California, Texas, and Chicago and the Midwest. He discusses the cultural, political, ancient, and financial contexts during which Chicano rap has emerged and the way those have formed the violence and misogyny usually expressed in Chicano rap and hip hop. specifically, he argues that the misogyny and violence of Chicano rap are direct results of the "patriarchal dominance paradigm" that governs human family members within the usa. McFarland additionally explains how globalization, monetary restructuring, and the conservative shift in nationwide politics have affected Chicano/a adolescence and Chicano rap. He concludes with a glance at how Xicana feminists, a few Chicano rappers, and different cultural staff are striving to arrive Chicano/a early life with a democratic, peaceable, empowering, and releasing message.

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Download E-books Police Information Sharing: All-crimes Approach to Homeland Security (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship) PDF

This learn of the FINDER police info sharing process offers proof to help all-crimes details fusion and research as a route to enhanced public security and place of origin safeguard. studying greater than 1,500 clients and 1.8 million procedure occasions over a fifteen-month interval, Scott demonstrates that info sharing produces functionality and potency profits for legislations enforcement. Scott seems to be on the IT person point for the hugely contextual affects on profitable results and correct info approach metrics. goal method use and user-level functionality measures are mixed with consumer notion facts to supply empirical versions constructing functionality metrics. those versions determine know-how, person, and environmental elements that may be hired to foretell the effective use of police information shared among disparate documents administration structures.

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Download E-books Multi-Problem Violent Youth (NATO Science) PDF

This booklet examines the learn and theoretical bases for the construction of a risk-needs administration tool for violent youngsters and teenagers. The proposed tool contains possibility symptoms starting pre-natally, pari-natally, at-birth, then via infancy, early early life, center early life and, ultimately, early life. the most objective of the software is to help case managers answerable for supplying confident interventions to households and kids, in any respect adolescence and adolecent existence phases, that allows you to lessen the possibility of violent behaviors. The case intervention approach is predicated at the assumption that the sooner assets are supplied, the greater they are going to be. the information software might be established in order that the chance details is accrued cumulatively throughout age domain names and will be used to check particular interventions with specific wishes profiles of a kin and baby, adolescent or younger grownup. This publication is of curiosity to researchers, policy-makers, and govt and non-government corporation staff who're concerned with guidelines, courses and tools keen on the prevention of stripling and younger grownup violence. it may be used as a sophisticated textual content e-book in top point undergraduate classes and graduate classes in psychology, criminology, social paintings and academic counseling which care for the kid and adolescence violence, in particular its reasons and preventive interventions.

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Download E-books Youth Gangs, Violence and Social Respect: Exploring the Nature of Provocations and Punch-Ups PDF

This is often the 1st e-book devoted to Australian early life gangs, exploring the subtleties and nuances of road existence for younger males and their quest for social admire. the main concentration is on crew violence and the ways that the 'gang' offers a discussion board for the expression of this violence.

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Download E-books The English Riots of 2011: A Summer of Discontent PDF

By Daniel Briggs

From fb, Twitter, BlackBerry and gossip to not easy proof, study and empirical research, this impressive assortment seems on the nature and reasons of the English Riots of 2011 12 months when they happened. although being concerned of their nature, velocity and scale, the e-book issues out that rioting is not anything new - whether technological advances have altered their 'organization', the best way the police reply and the incessant nature of media assurance. From 'moral panics' to 'broken Britain' and anxieties approximately adolescence crime, the publication appears at numerous flashpoints of the riots corresponding to the killing of Mark Duggan via police marksmen, the frequent looting, the political and felony justice responses and a transforming into discontent concerning the present neoliberal order. The e-book rejects Coalition major Minister David Cameron's much-publicized statement that those occasions have been 'criminality, natural and simple', simply because it counters makes an attempt to put blame on sections of the group or 'outsiders'. taking a look at phenomena corresponding to 'shopping at no cost' and the concept that the lawlessness represented a few form of speedy carnival, it concentrates on how order was once restored and members fast-tracked through police cells and courts into harsh sentences in addition to problems with marginality, hopelessness, political and fiscal corruption and media distortions. Wide-ranging and specialist in its research, it additionally considers the modern day worldwide context for riots in addition to evaluating Brixton 1981 and different iconic occasions of the previous. extra highlights contain: the function of latest social media when it comes to recruitment, resistance, and surveillance; the position of the city road gang; gender, racialization, resentment, post-riot rhetoric and the profiling the 2011 rioters. It seems to be at how the riots unfold to different towns within the united kingdom together with Manchester, Liverpool and Birmingham - in addition to reading occasions and attitudes in locations resembling Spain, Greece, and people of the Arab Spring. Asks Who, while and Why? contains first-hand money owed from 2011 rioters, sufferers and the general public Applies historic, cultural, structural and social views to the English Riots of 2011 Considers the aftermath of the riots and the broader photo of worldwide social unrest Editor Dr Daniel Briggs is a Reader in Criminology and felony Justice on the college of East London who additionally works with the main susceptible humans to the main risky and the main misunderstood. His paintings has taken him into prisons, crack homes, psychological wellbeing and fitness associations, asylum associations, hostels, care houses, hospices and locations for the homeless. he's the writer of Crack Cocaine clients: excessive Society and occasional existence in South London (Routledge, 2011). participants during this booklet he's assisted by way of contributions from a few 20 major commentators: Stephanie Alice Baker, Tim Bateman, Steve Briggs, Joel Busher, Celia Díaz-Catalán, Rebecca Clarke, Aisha okay. Gill, Steve corridor, Simon Harding, Vicky Heap, Steven Hirschler, Liz Kelly, Axel Klein, Lorenzo Navarréte-Moreno, Geoffrey Pearson, Hannah Smithson, John Strawson, Sheldon Thomas, Simon Winlow and Ricardo Zúñiga.

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